Quality Work at a Great Price
From quality repairs to affordable installations, you are guaranteed to receive a lasting service for a comprehensive rate. United Sanitation Services Inc is fully licensed and insured to pump and install septic systems in Boone, Winnebago and McHenry Counties. Our experience and expertise ensure you will receive quality results across the board and it is our goal to make sure you understand how your system operates. We'll help you maintain your system and keep it functioning properly.
Septic Tank System Operation
It is only during a pump-out that the septic tank can be inspected for possible leaks. It is unusual for a modern tank to develop leaks. However, if the tank is metal, it has a lifespan of about 20 years and must be replaced when it fails.
Baffles help prevent solids from passing through the septic tank to the absorption field, so they are critical to the proper operation of the tank. The baffles are the only parts of a septic tank that generally fail. The inlet and outlet baffles can only be inspected when the septic tank is drained. The outlet baffle is more important to help prevent damage to the absorption field. If the baffles are damaged in any way, they should be replaced immediately. This is less costly than absorption field replacement. The customer should also consider installing a filter on the outlet baffle.
Pumping and Cleaning
Having the septic tank solids pumped is a necessity for caring for your system. The frequency will depend on the size of your system, the number of people in the household, wastes added (including disinfectants, bleaches, and detergents) and the previous care the system has received. You can rely on our knowledge and experience to help you set up a pumping schedule.
Keeping your system properly maintained is vital to avoid costly repairs in the future. Our knowledgeable technicians will help you repair, install, and learn about your system to ensure you receive the outstanding service you deserve!
Give us a call now at 815-547-5700 for more information.
Following these basic steps will help you keep your septic system functioning properly and prevent additional pumping costs:
- Add a package of enzymes monthly to maintain the bacteria level in the tank. Septic tank systems provide the function of both sewers and treatment plants. The waste matter is decomposed through bacterial action. USS can provide a year supply of bacteria when we pump your tank. Call our office for additional boxes.
- Be conservative with the amount of water used. Practice water conservation. Repair any leaking toilets or faucets immediately.
- Divert other sources of water, like roof drains and sump pumps, away from the septic system.
- Put toxic or hazardous chemicals into the tank. Even small amounts of paints, varnishes, thinners, waste oil, photographic solutions, pesticides, and other organic chemicals can destroy the biological digestion taking place within the system.
- Put plastic, cat litter, cigarette filters, condoms, tampons, sanitary napkins, paper towels or facial tissues in the septic system. These items quickly fill the tank with solids and decrease its efficiency. They can also clog up the sewer line into the tank causing wastewater to back up into the home.
- Dump grease or fats down your kitchen drain. They solidify and may cause blockage.
- Do many loads of clothes back to back. Spread the washing over the day or several days to lessen the burden on the system.
- In general, the use of garbage disposals adds to the loading of the system and should be avoided.
Aerobic Treatment Unit
ATUs are useful and necessary in sites with “disturbed” (compacted, cut, or filled) soil and in environmentally sensitive areas such as those near lakes, in shallow bedrock or high water tables. Since wastewater leaves an ATU as high-quality effluent, the soil in the absorption field may be better able to accept the wastewater.
After the septic tank removes the large solids, the liquid effluent then passes through the ATU before it reaches the absorption field. The bubbler agitates the water so solids cannot settle out, and floating materials stay mixed in the liquid. Well-designed ATUs allow time and space for settling while providing oxygen to the bacteria and mixing the bacteria and its food source (sewage). Any settled bacteria must be returned to the aerobic portion of the tank for mixing and treatment.
ATUs are more maintenance intensive than septic tanks. A maintenance contract is required for standard use. Depending on the local government requirements and the recommendations of the manufacturer, the system may require quarterly to yearly maintenance (usually twice a year). Maintenance includes inspecting all components and cleaning and repairing the system when needed. A visual inspection of the effluent is required and often a lab analysis is necessary.
If problems arise with the supply of air to the bacteria, the tank loses all effectiveness. If there are problems with settling, there will be problems in the absorption field. These tanks must be monitored frequently and repaired as needed.
Lift Stations contain pumps, valves, and electrical equipment necessary to pump wastewater from a low elevation to a high elevation so that gravity can be used to bring the wastewater from the septic system to the absorption field. Most systems have alarms to warn customers when pumps fail and can be added to prevent emergency situations.